Cairo Talks Cause Rifts Among GNA Officials

The negotiations for reunification of Libyan military structures which had it latest round in Cairo on Sunday, March 18th, aroused tensions inside the UN-brokered Government of National Accord after officials issued contradictory statements concerning the negotiations. Continue reading “Cairo Talks Cause Rifts Among GNA Officials”

EU Humanitarian Politics Aggravate Internal Crisis in Libya

As Government of National Accord based in Tripoli and eastern-based Tobruk government struggle for power, modern Libya remains deeply fractured after having split into three historic areas of Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan. Even in the regions of their respective influence, the two governments are not able to fully control the situation, the three areas being split into lesser districts, cities and municipalities ruled by local warlords and strongmen. Continue reading “EU Humanitarian Politics Aggravate Internal Crisis in Libya”

France Seeks to Increase its Presence in Libya

French oil company Total has strengthened its positions in Libya’s energy market after the acquisition of a 16,33 percent share in the major Waha oilfield. The cost of the deal is estimated at $450 million. A week after the agreement was signed, the French Ambassador to Libya Brigitte Curmi has met Fayez Al-Sirraj, Head of the Government of National Accord (GNA). During the meeting, which was attended by representatives of Total and the GNA-owned National Oil Corporation, the French side announced its intention to increase the investments into the Libyan energy sector due to the rising oil production and a reliable political course taken by Sirraj. In turn, the Head of GNA welcomed the partnership between Total and the National Oil Corporation, pledging to support the French company.

“This acquisition is in line with Total’s strategy to reinforce its portfolio with high quality and low-technical cost assets whilst bolstering our historic strength in the Middle East and North Africa region,” said Total CEO Patrick Pouyanne.

In the current circumstances, both sides pursue political goals aside of the economic meaning of the deal. Sirraj is interested in convincing France to choose GNA as its exclusive partner and to cancel co-operation with the so-called eastern-based government. In turn, Paris seeks to preserve the balance between the two rival Libyan powers who have split the oil production between them. The contract with GNA should not harm the relations with Tobruk, as the latter controls El-Sider port terminal necessary for exporting oil from Waha field to the global market.

With this kind of neutrality, the French authorities are able to simultaneously exert influence on GNA and the Eastern government, pursuing its economic interests in the Libyan oil market and in Northern Africa as a whole.

New Wave of Libyan Migrants Is Coming to Europe

The Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya has long been a final barrier for the illegal immigrants heading to Europe from Central, West and North-East Africa. The situation has dramatically changed after the revolution and the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, with the new Libyan authorities having completely lost control over the migrant flow. According to a report by International Organization for Migration published in the beginning of 2018, Libya housed some 704,000 migrants, the majority coming from Egypt, Mali, Chad, Niger, Ghana and other African states. Unlike the labor migrants who flocked the country before the “Arab spring”, the bulk of those who arrive today are refugees. Continue reading “New Wave of Libyan Migrants Is Coming to Europe”